The jurisdiction of the Local Planning Appeal Tribunal (LPAT) is obtained from many different public and private statutes for individual municipalities, which give specific jurisdiction and authority to LPAT. Most of LPAT’s work, however, arises under the following acts:
The Local Planning Appeal Tribunal Act establishes LPAT’s authority and general jurisdiction, and provides authority for LPAT’s Rules of Practice and Procedure.
The Planning Act governs land use planning and development in the province of Ontario. LPAT may hear appeals based on the decisions of local authorities. The Act sets out who is eligible to make an appeal to LPAT, and the procedures that must be followed to do so.
The Municipal Act sets out the broad areas of authority in which municipalities can act in order to respond to taxpayers’ needs. The Act also details what municipalities can do and how they must do it.
The Aggregate Resources Act provides for the standards and policies that aggregate and petroleum industries must comply with. The Act aims to ensure long-term management of resources and reduces negative impacts on the public.
The Development Charges Act, 1997 grants municipalities the right to impose charges on developers to pay for new services and infrastructure needed for growth. The Act also provides for Education Development Charges.
The Expropriations Act provides for a means for those expropriated to receive fair compensation when their lands are expropriated or affected by nearby expropriation. It also sets out the authority and process that must be followed in order to expropriate.
The Consolidated Hearings Act provides a streamlined hearing process for municipal, private and provincial projects or proposed activities that might otherwise require hearings by more than one tribunal.
The Statutory Powers Procedure Act defines rules and procedures for various tribunal proceedings such as hearings and motions.
The Ontario Heritage Act gives municipalities and the provincial government powers to preserve the heritage of Ontario. The primary focus of the Act is the protection of heritage buildings and archaeological sites. The legislation also mandates the Ontario Heritage Trust – a Crown agency – and the Conservation Review Board – a tribunal that hears objections to municipal and provincial decisions under the act.